V2A9 - The V-2 (Vergeltungswaffe 2), technical name Aggregat 4 (A4), was the world’s first long-range guided ballistic missile. Developed during the Second World War by Germany as a "vengeance weapon". The V-2 rocket also became the first artificial object to travel into space by crossing the Kármán line with the vertical launch of MW 18014 on 20 June 1944.
Development of a winged version of the A4 began with work in the Peenemunde wind tunnel in November 1939. By adding wings to the A4, the 800 m/s of kinetic energy the rocket had at cut-off could be exploited in a glide attack, extending the range of the missile from 250 km to 550 km.
This piloted version was planned either to have first hand research of supersonic flight or preparation for space flight