V2A9 - The V-2 (Vergeltungswaffe 2), technical name Aggregat 4 (A4), was the world’s first long-range guided ballistic missile. Developed during the Second World War by Germany as a "vengeance weapon". The V-2 rocket also became the first artificial object to travel into space by crossing the Kármán line with the vertical launch of MW 18014 on 20 June 1944.
Development of a winged version of the A4 began with work in the Peenemunde wind tunnel in November 1939. By adding wings to the A4, the 800 m/s of kinetic energy the rocket had at cut-off could be exploited in a glide attack, extending the range of the missile from 250 km to 550 km.